The Chinese military has carried out “important border defense-related operations” and strengthened combat training to build a modern armed force, the ruling Communist Party of China (CCP) said in a key resolution published Tuesday.
The resolution, the third of its kind to be adopted in 100 years, on the CCP’s “historical achievements and experiences” also admitted that the party’s leadership over the military was “obviously flawed” over a period of time, but that it has ” taken a fundamental turn for the better. “
The resolution was passed at the end of a four-day closed-door meeting of the CCP central committee held in Beijing last week.
In what could be interpreted as a message to adversaries, the resolution stated: “By devoting intense attention to combat effectiveness as the only criterion that matters and to its fundamental purpose of being able to fight and win, the People’s Armed Forces have strengthened their strategy forces and forces from new domains with new combat capabilities, and command systems and capacity for joint operations have improved. “
Defense mobilization has been enhanced and “greater unity” has been cultivated between the military and the government and between the military and civilians, he said.
Strong support for the transformation of the People’s Liberation Army (PLA) into the key document comes in the context of the ongoing clash with the Indian army along the Royal Line of Control (LAC) in eastern Ladakh.
The document does not mention India, but gives an indication of the PLA’s readiness for wars along its land and sea borders.
“They (the military) have carried out important operations related to border defense, protecting China’s maritime rights, fighting terrorism and maintaining stability, rescue and disaster relief, fight against Covid-19, escort and peacekeeping services, humanitarian assistance and international military cooperation. ” the document said.
“They have worked hard to address ‘peacetime evils,’ vigorously strengthened combat training, and built strong, well-structured and modern border defense, coastal defense and air defense systems,” he added.
China currently has land border disputes with India and Bhutan and maritime disputes with various neighbors over conflicting claims in the South China Sea and with Japan in the East China Sea.
Troop training and battle readiness have been strengthened across the board, the document says, adding that the armed forces have accelerated efforts to modernize “… the theory, the organization, the personnel, the weaponry. and military equipment and to integrate mechanization with the application of information and smart technologies. ” within the armed forces ”.
The CCP under the chairmanship of Xi Jinping, who is also chairman of the Central Military Commission (CMC), has reversed the trend of weakening the CCP’s control over China’s vast armed forces, the resolution said.
“For a period of time, the leadership of the party over the army was obviously poor. If this problem had not been fully resolved, it would not only have diminished the combat capacity of the military, but it would also have undermined the key political principle that the party controls weapons. “
The resolution named four top generals, Guo Boxiong, Xu Caihou, Fang Fenghui and Zhang Yang, who have been punished for corruption during Xi’s current reign.
They were “… thoroughly investigated and punished, and their negative influence was completely eliminated. With this, the political environment in the People’s Armed Forces has taken a fundamental turn for the better ”.
“… the people’s army has undergone a comprehensive revolutionary restructuring under the firm leadership of the party in preparation for the next stage, while our defense capabilities have grown in tandem with our economic strength.”