At least 25 percent of recently reported diabetes cases have a confirmed history of COVID-19, Indraprastha Apollo Hospital officials said on Friday, citing their nearly two-year OPD data. They said that in people with a confirmed history of moderate to severe coronavirus infection, several new and recurring health ailments have been reported.
Hospital experts said inflammatory reactions after Covid could include hypoxia, weakness, weight loss, hair loss, myocarditis, thyroid, and diabetes, which is reported as one of the most common illnesses.
Several global studies have reported the rising prevalence of newly diagnosed diabetes cases with a history of COVID-19, the hospital group said in a statement.
Based on this available information, doctors at Indraprastha Apollo Hospitals studied this development and observed the same through “comprehensive internal OPD data” from nearly two years, he said.
Dr. Subhash Kumar Wangnoo, Senior Consultant Endocrinologist and Diabetologist at the Apollo Center for Obesity, Diabetes and Endocrinology at Indraprastha Apollo Hospitals, said: “Our data from OPDs have shown that in patients who had confirmed Covid infection, almost 25 percent were new-onset diabetic patients.
“Stress-induced hyperglycemia was observed in 10 percent of patients who had Covid infection. In patients with established diabetes (already diabetic), more than 60 percent showed a worsening of glycemic status, which persisted for more than 3 months. “, said.
Diabetes itself is a pro-inflammatory state that poses the risk of an inflammatory response along with COVID-19 that leads to a worsening of blood sugar levels, according to the statement.
Steroid use due to severe manifestations of COVID-19 in treatment further worsened glucose levels in patients. The stress response due to an acute infection such as Covid increases blood values above Hb1ac values, which can be normal, experts said.
“We call this a new onset of diabetes due to COVID-19,” they said.
(With PTI inputs)