Diabetes can lead to irreversible vision loss, says Dr. Ajay Dudani, Executive Director of Vitreoretinal Surgeon, Mumbai Retinal Center

It is not easy for people with diabetes to recognize symptoms in the early stages of the disease. When visual acuity in one eye suffers, the other eye typically compensates. As a result, the complication can go unnoticed. Therefore, routine eye checks are essential for early detection.

While all people with diabetes are at risk for developing diabetic retinopathy, a person with a 10-year history of diabetes has a 50% chance of developing diabetic retinopathy. Therefore, people living with long-term diabetes should have retinal exams every year to keep their eye health under control.

It can be managed effectively with early detection and prompt treatment. Modern medical treatment protocols can slow or even stop the progression of diabetic retinopathy, thus preventing vision loss in people with diabetes. However, for diabetic patients, managing their diabetes through effective control of blood glucose levels is the best prevention for diabetic retinopathy.

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